Tuesday, 4 June 2013
THE INDIAN PLATEAU
BUNDELKHAND BHANDER, BAGHEL AND MALWA PLATEAU
These highlands are situated to the north of Narmada rift valley. Bundelkhand Plateau is a part of central highlands and is composed of granite and gneisses. Malwa plateau is an example of dissected lava plateau, which is covered with black soil.
It comprises of Garo, khasi and Haintia Hills. Originally a part of Peninsular plateau. Garo-Rajmahal Gap separates it from the main block of peninsular plateau
Highest peak- Parasnath (1,366m) in the Hazaribagh Platean. Situated in the north eastern part of Indian Plateau includes the region of Bihar, adjoining Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal.
It consists of the Ranchi Plateau in the south, the Hazaribagh Plateau in the north, and the Rajmahal Hills in the northeast. Described as the “Ruhr of India” Pat lands are one of the chief characteristics of Chotanagpur Plateau. Very rich in mineral resources.
South of the Satpura Range in the peninsula is called the Deccan Plateau.
(1)The Deccan Lava Plateau Region Northwestern part of Deccan Plateau is the region of Basaltic lava. It includes the Western Ghats north of 16o north latitude, plateau of Maharashtra (except the east of Nagpur) and the adjoining parts of Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
(2) Telengana Plateau Part of the Deccan Plateau, comprises of the interior region of Andhra Pradesh. North of Krishna River is the plateau of Telengana. South of the Krishna River, lying in the Rayalseema plateau region.
(3)The Karnataka Plateau Situated to the south of Deccan Lava Region. Malnad and Maidan are two physiographic regions of Karnataka plateau.
(i) Malnad Hilly and dissected plateau region about 64km wide lying close to the Western Ghats.
(ii) Maidan Situated in the eastern part of Malnad, relatively large rolling plains with low granitic hills.