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RIVER VALLEY PROJECTS : Bhakra dam, Thein Dam, Salal, Sharda Sahayak, Ramganga multipurpose, Banasagar, Damodar Valley multipurpose, Mayr kashi, Mayur Kashi, Poochampad, Jaykawadi, Upper Krishna, Tunghbhadra multipurpose, Ghat Prabha, Malprabha, Bhima Mettur, Kundah, Chambal, Kakrapara, Sardar Sarovar, Tawa, Mahi, Matatila

Bhakra Nangal Multipurpose Project.
 
Bhakra dam: One of highest gravity dam in the world.
Govind Sagar Lake (H.P) is a reservoir.
River: Sutlej(A tributary of Indus)
State:Joint venture of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan
Purpose: Irrigation, Hydro electricity.

Thein Dam Project:

River: Ravi ( A tributary of Indus)
State: Punjab
Purpose: Irrigation, hydroelectricity
Dulhasti project:
River: Chenab (A tributary of Indus)
State: Jammu and kashmir
Purpose: Part of the prgramme of cascade development for irrigation

Salal project:
River: Chenab
State: Jammu and Kashmir
Purpose: Irrigation
Beas project:
River: Beas (A tributary of Indus)
State: Joint venture of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan
Purpose: Hydro electricity

Sharda Sahayak Project:
River: Ghagra ( left bank tributary of Ganga)
State: Uttar Pradesh
Purpose: Irrigation

Ramganga multipurpose project
River: Chuisot stream near Kalabagh
State: Uttar Pradesh
Purpose: Irrigation, hydroelectricity

Banasagar project
River: Son
State: M.P., Bihar and U.p.,
Purpose: Irrigation
Rihand scheme Reservoir: Govind Ballabh Sagar (U.P)
River: Rihand
State: Uttar Pradesh
Purpose: Hydroelectricity for the development of south eastern industrial region of
U.P.

Damodar Valley multipurpose project
Four dams: Tilaiya and Maithon (on the Barakar River), konar (konar River) and
Panchet (Damodar River)
River: Damodar
State: West Bengal(also shared by Jharkhand)
Purpose: Flood control, Irrigation, Hydroelectricity.

Mayr kashi project
River: Mayrkashi
State: West Bengal (also shared by Jharkhand)
Purpose: Flood control, Irrigation, Hydroelectricity.

Mayur Kashi project
River: Mayrkashi
State: West Bengal
Purpose: Irrigation, Hydroelectricity
Hirakud multipurpose project (world’s longest main stream dam)
River: Mahanadi
State: Orissa
Purpose: Irrigation , Hydroelectricity

Poochampad Project
River: Godavari
State: Andhra Pradesh
Purpose: Irrigation

Jaykawadi Project:
River: Godavari
State: Maharashtra
Purpose: Irrigation
Nagarjuna Sagar
River: Krishna
State: Andhra Pradesh
Purpose: Irrigation, Hydroelectricity

Upper Krishna Project
River: Krishna
State: Andhra Pradesh
Purpose: Irrigation

Tunghbhadra multipurpose project
River: Tungbhadra (A tributary of Krishna)
State: Joint venture of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka
Purpose: Irrigation, Hydroelectricity.

Ghat Prabha project
River: Ghatprabha ( A tributary of Krishna)
State: Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka
Purpose: Irrigation

Malprabha project:
River: Malprobha( A tributary of Krishna)
State: Karnataka
Purpose: Irrigation

Bhima project:
River: Bhima
State: Maharashtra
Purpose: Irrigation

Mettur projects
River: Kavery
State: Tamil Nadu
Purpose: Hydroelectricity
Shivasamudram Scheme on Cauvery Falls
River: kavery
State: Karnataka
Purpose: Hydroelectricity

Kundah project:
River:Kundah
State: Tamil Nadu
Purpose: Hydroelectricity
Sharavati project (near Jog falls)
River: Sharavati
State: Karnataka
Purpose: Hydroelectricity

Chambal project:
(Gandhi Sagar Dam M.P), Rana Pratap Sagar and Jawahar
Sagar Dam or Kota Dam
River: Chambal (a tributary of Yamuna)
State: Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh
Purpose: Irrigation, Hydroelectricity

Kakrapara Project
River: Tapi
State: Gujarat
Purpose: Irrigation
Ukai project
River: Tapi
State: Gujarat
Purpose:Irrigation

Sardar Sarovar Project
River: Narmada
State: Gujarat, M.P., Rajasthan Maharashtra
Purpose: Irrigation, Hydroelectricity

Tawa project:
River: Tawa ( A tributary of Narmada)
State: Madhya Pradesh
Purpose: Irrigation

Mahi project (Jamnalal Bajaj Sagar)
River: Mahi
State: Gujarat
Purpose: Irrigation

Matatila project:
River: Betwa
State: Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh,
Purpose: Irrigation, Hydroelectricity.

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WEST FLOWING RIVER : Sabarmati, Mahi, Narmada, Tapi or Tapi

Sabarmati:
Source: Mewar hills in Aravalli Range.
Length: 320km
River’s Basin: 21,674 sq. km. Shared by Rajasthan and Gujarat.
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Mahi
Source: Vindhya Range at an altitude of 500 m.
Length: 533km
River’s Basin:34,862sq.km
Information: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat share the river basin.

CLASSIFICATION OF HIMALAYA ON THE BASIS OF GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION:

NAME LOCATION DISTANCE Punjab Himalaya Between Indus and Sutlej 560 km Kumaon Himalaya Between Sutluj and Kali 320 km Nepal Himalaya Between Kali and Tista 800 km Assam Himalaya Between Tista and Dihang 720 km
THE PURVANCHAL (The North Eastern Highland) The Himalaya range after crossing the Dihang gorge in the east, bend southwards, forming a series of hills, in north south trend. Hills, North Cachar Hills and the Tripura Hills.
PURU NEFA Mishmi Hills The highest range of Purvanchal Hills which is situated in the north-eastern part of Arunachal Pradesh.   Patkai Bum A synclinal range extending north south in Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.

NON METALLIC MINERALS MICA, ASBESTOS, GYPSUM, LIMESTONE, DOLOMITE, ATOMIC MINERALS

DIOMAND MICA: (Abhrak) valuable mineral in electrical and electronic industry.
Distribution: Bihar – Gaya, Hazaribagh (now in Jharkhand), (Largest mica producing state of India)
Andhra Pradesh – Nellore.
Rajasthan – Ajmer, Bewar, Tonk, Bhilwara, Udaipur, and Banswara.
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Distribution:
Madhya Pradesh- Satna, Jabalpur, Betul, Sagar and Rewa.
Chhattisgarh – Bilaspur, Raigarh, Raipur and Durg.
Andhra Pradesh-Adilabad, Warangal, Nalgonda, Mohboobnagar, Guntur
Karnataka – Bijapur, Gulbarga, Shimoga (cement grade limestone)
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Gujarat – Banaskantha, Amreli Junagadh, Surat, Kachchh, Kheda and Panchmahals.

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East-West Extent 2,400 km (3,200 km if the Indus plains are included) Average width:150-300km
1.Largest alluvial tract of the world, extending from the mouth of Indus to the mouth of Ganga between Peninsular plateau and the northern are of the mountains.
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