Skip to main content

PLANTATION CROPS

TEA
Condition Required
Tropical and subtropical plant, which thrives well in hot and humid climate.
Temperature: 20o - 30o C
Rainfall: 150 – 300cm (well distributed)
Soil: forest soil rich in humus and iron content is the best suited.
Distribution ( In order of Production)
1. Assam (the Brahmaputra valley, Soorma valley)
2. West Bengal (the Duars, Darjeeling)
3. Tamil Nadu (highest yield per hectare)
4. Kerala (Kottayam, Kollam and Tiruvananthapuram district).
Other areas of minor production : (a) Tripura  (b) Karnataka  (c) Uttar Pradesh (d) Himachal Pradesh (Kangra valley)

COFFEE
Condition Required
Crops of hot and humid climate
Temperature: 15o - 28o C but does not tolerate frost.
Rainfall: 150 – 250cm
Soil: well drained rich friable loams with rich in humus, iron and calcium.
Distribution (In order of Production)
1. Karnataka (80 percent of total coffee production)
2. Kerala (13 percent of total production)
3. Tamil Nadu

RUBBER
Condition Required
Temperature: 25o - 35o C
Rainfall: about 300 cm (well distributed throughout the year)
Soil: well drained loamy soil of hilly region.
Distribution ( In order of Production)
1. Kerala(above 90 percent of total production, Kottayam, Ernakulum,
Kozhikode and Kollan are the main producing districts)
2. Tamil Nadu
3. Karnataka

OTHER CROPS MAIZE
Condition Required
Rainfall Kharif Crops
Temperature: 21o - 27o C
Rain fall: 50 – 100 cm
Soil: well drained alluvial, or red loams
Distribution (In order of production)
1. Bihar 
2. Uttar Pradesh 
3. Karnataka
4. Andhra Pradesh 
5. Madhya Pradesh
6. Rajasthan
7. Himachal Pradesh

JOWAR
Conditions Required
Both Kharif and Robi crops
Temperature: 26o - 33o C for kharif crops and not below 16oC for rabi crops
Rainfall: >30 cm but <100 cm; rainfed crop in dry farming areas
Soil: Variety of soil including clayey, sandy
Distribution ( In order of Production)
1. Maharashtra
2. Karnataka
3. Madhya Pradesh
4. Andhra Pradesh
5. Tamil Nadu
6. Uttar Pradesh
7. Rajasthan
8. Gujarat

RAGI
Conditions Required
Temperature: 20o - 30o C
Soil: red, light black and sandy loams
Distribution ( In order of Production)
1. Karnataka
2. Tamil Nadu
3. Maharashtra
4. Uttar Pradesh
5. Andhra Pradesh

GRAM
Conditions Required
Most important of all pulses
Temperature: 20o - 25o C
Rainfall: 40 – 45cm
Soil: Grows well in loamy soil
Distribution (In order of Production)
1. Madhya Pradesh
2. Uttar Pradesh
3. Rajasthan
4. Haryana
5. Maharashtra (These five states produce over 90 percent gram of India)

Comments

Popular Posts

RIVER VALLEY PROJECTS : Bhakra dam, Thein Dam, Salal, Sharda Sahayak, Ramganga multipurpose, Banasagar, Damodar Valley multipurpose, Mayr kashi, Mayur Kashi, Poochampad, Jaykawadi, Upper Krishna, Tunghbhadra multipurpose, Ghat Prabha, Malprabha, Bhima Mettur, Kundah, Chambal, Kakrapara, Sardar Sarovar, Tawa, Mahi, Matatila

Bhakra Nangal Multipurpose Project.

Bhakra dam: One of highest gravity dam in the world.
Govind Sagar Lake (H.P) is a reservoir.
River: Sutlej(A tributary of Indus)
State:Joint venture of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan
Purpose: Irrigation, Hydro electricity.

Thein Dam Project:

River: Ravi ( A tributary of Indus)
State: Punjab
Purpose: Irrigation, hydroelectricity
Dulhasti project:
River: Chenab (A tributary of Indus)
State: Jammu and kashmir
Purpose: Part of the prgramme of cascade development for irrigation

CLASSIFICATION OF HIMALAYA ON THE BASIS OF GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION:

NAME LOCATION DISTANCE Punjab Himalaya Between Indus and Sutlej 560 km Kumaon Himalaya Between Sutluj and Kali 320 km Nepal Himalaya Between Kali and Tista 800 km Assam Himalaya Between Tista and Dihang 720 km
THE PURVANCHAL (The North Eastern Highland) The Himalaya range after crossing the Dihang gorge in the east, bend southwards, forming a series of hills, in north south trend. Hills, North Cachar Hills and the Tripura Hills.
PURU NEFA Mishmi Hills The highest range of Purvanchal Hills which is situated in the north-eastern part of Arunachal Pradesh.   Patkai Bum A synclinal range extending north south in Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.

WEST FLOWING RIVER : Sabarmati, Mahi, Narmada, Tapi or Tapi

Sabarmati:
Source: Mewar hills in Aravalli Range.
Length: 320km
River’s Basin: 21,674 sq. km. Shared by Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Information:
Important tributaries: Hathmati, Sedhi, Wakul, etc.

Mahi
Source: Vindhya Range at an altitude of 500 m.
Length: 533km
River’s Basin:34,862sq.km
Information: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat share the river basin.

NON METALLIC MINERALS MICA, ASBESTOS, GYPSUM, LIMESTONE, DOLOMITE, ATOMIC MINERALS

DIOMAND MICA: (Abhrak) valuable mineral in electrical and electronic industry.
Distribution: Bihar – Gaya, Hazaribagh (now in Jharkhand), (Largest mica producing state of India)
Andhra Pradesh – Nellore.
Rajasthan – Ajmer, Bewar, Tonk, Bhilwara, Udaipur, and Banswara.
LIME STONE: 75% used in cement industry 16% in irons and steel industry. 4% in chemical industry.
Distribution:
Madhya Pradesh- Satna, Jabalpur, Betul, Sagar and Rewa.
Chhattisgarh – Bilaspur, Raigarh, Raipur and Durg.
Andhra Pradesh-Adilabad, Warangal, Nalgonda, Mohboobnagar, Guntur
Karnataka – Bijapur, Gulbarga, Shimoga (cement grade limestone)
Rajasthan – Jhunjhunu, Bikaner, Nagaur, Jodhpur, Pali, Sirohi, Udaipur Chittorgarh, Ajmer, Sawai Madhopur, Bundi, Banswara.
Gujarat – Banaskantha, Amreli Junagadh, Surat, Kachchh, Kheda and Panchmahals.

THE NORTHERN PLAINS OF INDIA

East-West Extent 2,400 km (3,200 km if the Indus plains are included) Average width:150-300km
1.Largest alluvial tract of the world, extending from the mouth of Indus to the mouth of Ganga between Peninsular plateau and the northern are of the mountains.
2. Alluvial in nature, and are composed of Bhangar (old alluvium), Khadar (new alluvium) in river bed. Bhabar (porous gravel ridden plains at the foot of Himalaya) and Terai (damp thickly forest area, where bhabar stream reappears)

SUBDIVISION OF GREAT PLAINS

THE RAJASTHAN PLAIN
Extent:650km long. Average width:250-300 km wide Thar or Great Indian Desert is the westernmost region of Great Indian Plains in the western Rajasthan. A semi arid plain, lying to the east of Thar desert is known as Rajasthan Bagar. The Luni is the only southwest flowing rivers of this region. The Sambhar(largest), the Kuchaman, and the Didwana are important lakes situated to the north of Luni Basin.