Sunday, 2 June 2013

PLANTATION CROPS

TEA
Condition Required
Tropical and subtropical plant, which thrives well in hot and humid climate.
Temperature: 20o - 30o C
Rainfall: 150 – 300cm (well distributed)
Soil: forest soil rich in humus and iron content is the best suited.
Distribution ( In order of Production)
1. Assam (the Brahmaputra valley, Soorma valley)
2. West Bengal (the Duars, Darjeeling)
3. Tamil Nadu (highest yield per hectare)
4. Kerala (Kottayam, Kollam and Tiruvananthapuram district).
Other areas of minor production : (a) Tripura  (b) Karnataka  (c) Uttar Pradesh (d) Himachal Pradesh (Kangra valley)

COFFEE
Condition Required
Crops of hot and humid climate
Temperature: 15o - 28o C but does not tolerate frost.
Rainfall: 150 – 250cm
Soil: well drained rich friable loams with rich in humus, iron and calcium.
Distribution (In order of Production)
1. Karnataka (80 percent of total coffee production)
2. Kerala (13 percent of total production)
3. Tamil Nadu

RUBBER
Condition Required
Temperature: 25o - 35o C
Rainfall: about 300 cm (well distributed throughout the year)
Soil: well drained loamy soil of hilly region.
Distribution ( In order of Production)
1. Kerala(above 90 percent of total production, Kottayam, Ernakulum,
Kozhikode and Kollan are the main producing districts)
2. Tamil Nadu
3. Karnataka

OTHER CROPS MAIZE
Condition Required
Rainfall Kharif Crops
Temperature: 21o - 27o C
Rain fall: 50 – 100 cm
Soil: well drained alluvial, or red loams
Distribution (In order of production)
1. Bihar 
2. Uttar Pradesh 
3. Karnataka
4. Andhra Pradesh 
5. Madhya Pradesh
6. Rajasthan
7. Himachal Pradesh

JOWAR
Conditions Required
Both Kharif and Robi crops
Temperature: 26o - 33o C for kharif crops and not below 16oC for rabi crops
Rainfall: >30 cm but <100 cm; rainfed crop in dry farming areas
Soil: Variety of soil including clayey, sandy
Distribution ( In order of Production)
1. Maharashtra
2. Karnataka
3. Madhya Pradesh
4. Andhra Pradesh
5. Tamil Nadu
6. Uttar Pradesh
7. Rajasthan
8. Gujarat

RAGI
Conditions Required
Temperature: 20o - 30o C
Soil: red, light black and sandy loams
Distribution ( In order of Production)
1. Karnataka
2. Tamil Nadu
3. Maharashtra
4. Uttar Pradesh
5. Andhra Pradesh

GRAM
Conditions Required
Most important of all pulses
Temperature: 20o - 25o C
Rainfall: 40 – 45cm
Soil: Grows well in loamy soil
Distribution (In order of Production)
1. Madhya Pradesh
2. Uttar Pradesh
3. Rajasthan
4. Haryana
5. Maharashtra (These five states produce over 90 percent gram of India)

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