Tuesday, 4 June 2013

PENINSULAR MOUNTAINS

Total length:800km Highest peak: Guru Sikhar(1,722m) of the Abu Hills. Extending from the north east to the south-west of India and separates to semi desert regions of Rajasthan from the fertile Udaipur and Jaipur regions. It is and example of relict mountain One of the oldest fold mountains in the world.

VINDHYAN RANGE
A block mountain which separates northern India from the southern mainland. Composed of sandstones, shales and quartzites. South of it, Narmada River flows in the rift valley. Acts as a natural watershed between north and south India.

SATPURA RANGE
Highest peak: Dhupgarh(1,350m) near Panchmarhi. Average elevation: 1,030m above sea level. Extending in east west direction, to the south of Vindhyans. Situated between Narmada and Tapi River. Starting from Rajpipla hills in the west through Mahadeo hill to Maikal range.

MAIKAL RANGE
Eastern part of Satpura system is situated in Madhya Pradesh. Mount Amarkantak is the highest peak
 

AJANTA RANGE, BALAGHAT RANGE, AND HARISH CHANDRA
RANGE:
Extending in east west direction, are all spurs of Western Ghats forming local watersheds. Kalsubai(1,646m) the highest peak of Western Ghat forming local watersheds.

NILGIRI HILLS
It is the meeting point of Western and Eastern Ghats. Doda Betta(2,637m) is the highest peak of Nilgiri Hills. The hills are separated from southern hills by a gap called Palghat Gap

ANAIMALAI HILLS
Anai Mudi(2,695m) the highest peak of South India is in Anaimalai Hills.

CARDAMON HILLS
It is situated in the extreme south of Peninsular India Formed of gneisses and schists.

RAJMAHAL HILLS
Extends in north south direction and is situated in the northeaster edge of the Chhotanagpur Plateau.

SAHYADRIS(WESTERNGHATS)
Total length: about 1600km Average height:1200m Highest Peak: Kalsubai(1646m) Runs along the western coastal plain from the south of valley of Tapi to Kanya Kumari, the southern most point of mainland India. Region which receives maximum rainfall and is covered with evergreen forest The Western Ghats meet with Eastern Ghats in the Nilgiri hills. Acts as a main watershed of Peninsular rivers.

EASTERN GHATS:

Runs along the eastern coast of India from northern Orissa to the Nilgiri Hills. Characterised by unbroken hills between Mahanadi and Godavari. Mahendragiri is the highest peak of Eastern Ghats.Nallamalli Hills is situated between Krishna and Penneru Rivers.

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