Sunday, 2 June 2013

NON METALLIC MINERALS MICA, ASBESTOS, GYPSUM, LIMESTONE, DOLOMITE, ATOMIC MINERALS

  • DIOMAND
MICA: (Abhrak) valuable mineral in electrical and electronic industry.
Distribution: Bihar – Gaya, Hazaribagh (now in Jharkhand), (Largest mica producing state of India)
Andhra Pradesh – Nellore.
Rajasthan – Ajmer, Bewar, Tonk, Bhilwara, Udaipur, and Banswara.
  • LIME STONE:
75% used in cement industry 16% in irons and steel industry. 4% in chemical industry.
Distribution:  
Madhya Pradesh- Satna, Jabalpur, Betul, Sagar and Rewa.
Chhattisgarh – Bilaspur, Raigarh, Raipur and Durg.
Andhra Pradesh-Adilabad, Warangal, Nalgonda, Mohboobnagar, Guntur
Karnataka – Bijapur, Gulbarga, Shimoga (cement grade limestone)
Rajasthan – Jhunjhunu, Bikaner, Nagaur, Jodhpur, Pali, Sirohi, Udaipur Chittorgarh, Ajmer, Sawai Madhopur, Bundi, Banswara.
Gujarat – Banaskantha, Amreli Junagadh, Surat, Kachchh, Kheda and Panchmahals.



  • DOLOMITE:
Distribution: Bihar –Rohtas
Jharkhand – Chaibasa in Sighbhum district and Palamau district.
Orissa (largest produces)-Sundargarh, Sambalpur, and Koraput districts
Madhya Pradesh – Chhindwara, Jhabua, Jabalpur, Balaghat,
Chhatisgarh – Bilaspur, Durg and Bastar district.
Gujarat – Bhavnagar and Vadodara district.
  • ASBESTOS:
Used for making fire proof cloth, rope, paper, paint, etc. and also asbestos cement products like sheets etc.
Distribution: Rajasthan – Alwar, Ajmer, Pali, Udaipur and Dungarpur districts,
Andhra Pradesh – Cuddapah district.
Karnataka – Shimoga, Chickmagalur, Hassan, Mandya and Mysore districts.
  • GYPSUM:
Mainly used in making of ammonia sulphate fertilizer in cement industry and in making plaster of paris, etc.
Distribution: Rajathan – (largest producer of gypsum in India): Churu, Ganganagar, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Nagaur and Pali districts produce 95 percent of the total gypsum of  India.
Jammu and Kashmir – Baramula and Doda districts.
Tamil Nadu – Tiruchirapalli
  • DIAMON:
Distribution: Madhya Pradesh – Panna
Andhra Pradesh – Anantpur, Kurnoot
Marnataka – Bellary.

ATOMIC MINERALS  (URANIUM, THORIUM)  URANIUM:
Distribution: Bihar – Gaya
Jharkhand – Hazaribagh and Singhbhum.
Uttar Pradesh – Saharanpur
Rajasthan – Udaipur.
Kerala – Uranium from monazile sand of coastal regions.
  • THORIUM:
Distribution: Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Rajasthan. METALLIC MINERALS (IRON, BUXITE, COPPER, LEAD/ZINC, MANGNESE, MAGNESIUM, GOLD.)
  • IRON:
Distribution: Jharkhand: Singhbhum (Noamundi, Sindurpur, Kiriburu)
Orissa – Mayurbhanj( Gurumahisani., Badampahar, Sulaiput), Keonjhar
Madhya Pradesh – Jabalpur, Balaghat
Chhatisgarh – Durg (Dalli Rajara), Bastar (Bailadila)
Andhra Pradesh – Guntur, Kurnool
Tamil Nadu – Salem, Tiruchirapalli
Maharashtra – Surajgarh, Lohra-Piplagaon Ratnagir.
Kerala – Kozhikode
  • BAUXITE:
Distribution: Jharkhand – Palamanu, Ranchi
Madhya Pradesh – Katni, Amarkantak, Maikata Range.
Chhattisgarh – Sarguja, Raigarh and Bilaspur.
Orissa – Kalahandi, Koraput
Tamil Nadu – Salem, Nilgiri, Coimbature and Madurai.
Gujarat – Sabarkanha, Jamnagar, Surat.
Maharashtra – Kalaba, Ratnagiri, Kolhapur.
Karnataka – Belgaum.
  • COPPER
Distribution: Jharkhand – Hazaribagh, Singhbhum.
Madhya Pradesh – Balaghat (Malanjkhand belt)
Andhra Pradesh – Khammam, Guntur and Kurnool
Rajasthan – Jhunjhunu, Khetri, Alwar, Bhilenara and Udaipur.
Maharashtra – Chandrapur
Karnataka – Chitradurga, Hassan.
  • LEAD AND ZINC:
Distribution: Sikkim, Meghalaya, Andhra Pradesh (Cuddapah)
Rajasthan- Zawar(Udaipur) Aguncha – Rampura (Bhilwara)
Gujarat _ Banaskantha, Panchmaha, Vadodra, Surat.
  • LIGNITE COAL:
Distribution:
Tamil Nadu – Neyveli
Jammua and Kashmir, Rajasthan (Palana in Bikaner dist.)
Gujarat (Umrasar)
  • TERTIARY COAL FIELD:
Distribution:
Assam – Makum (Sibsagar), Najtra, Janji
Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh(Namchik, Namphuk)

  • OIL FIELDS:
Distribution:
Assam –Digboi, Naharkatia, Moran, and Sibsagar.
Gujarat – Mehsana, Cholka, Kalol, Nawagam, Ankaleshwar and Kosamba
OFF SHRE OIL FIELDS
Distribution:
1. Mumbai High
2. Bassein
3. Ravva
4. Aliabet
OIL REFINERIES:
Distribution:
Assam – Digboi(IOC), Guwahati (IOC), Bongaigaon
Bihar – Barauni (IOC)
Uttar Pradesh – Mathura
Gujarat – Koyali, Jamnagar (largest oil refineries)
Maharashtra – Mumbai (BPCL)
Karnataka – Mangalore(MRPL)
Kerala – Kochi(CRI)
West Bengal – Haldia (IOC)
Andhra Pradesh – Vishakhapatnam (HPCL)
Tamil Nadu – Chennai (MRI)

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