Sunday, 2 June 2013

MANUFACTURING CENTERS OF INDIA


PUNJAB (257 mills)
• Dhari (largest centre).
• Other centres: Amristsar, Ludhianan and Patiala
MAHARASHTRA (31 mills)
• Mumbai (industry based on imported wool)
• Other centres:Jalgaon, Ambernath.
UTTAR PRADESH
• Kanpur(Largest Woollen Textile centre in the state)
• Other centres: Modinagar, Allahabad, Varanai and Mirzapur.
GUJARAT
• Jamnagar, Kalol, Vadodara.
Other important states:
Karnataka : Bangalore, Bellary Tamil Nadu: Chennai, Salem
Jammu and Kashmir: Srinagar Himachal Pradesh: Kullu
West Bengal: Kokata.



SILK & SYNTHETIC FIBRE INDUSTRY MANUFACTURING CENTRES
Karnataka: Bangalore, Kolar, and Mysore
West Bengal: Murshidabad, Bankura, 24 Parganas and Birbhum district
Jammu and Kashmir: Srinagar(big centre);
Other Centres: Baramula, Anantnag, Udhampur, Jammu
Other important states:
Bihar: Bhagalpur (famous for silk industry), Patna, Gaya.
Jharkhand: Palamu, Hazaribagh.
Madhya Pradesh: Birlanagar, Viragram and Indore.
Uttar Pradesh: Varanasi

CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES:
Fourth largest set of industries after textiles, iron and steel and engineering
industries.
Products of chemical industry are more multifarious than of nay other industries of
equal importance.
HEAVY INORGANIC CHEMICALS 
  • Alkali Chemicals:
Caustic Soda Widely used to manufacture paper, textile, soaps and detergents and alumina.
Manufacturing Centres
West Bengal: Kolkata, Titagarh Gujarat: Porbandar, Mithapur
Maharashtra: Thane, Nepa paper mills in Nagpur
Soda Ash Sodium Choride and Limestone mainly used in the manufacture of soap, paper,
textile, glass, detergents and refined petroleum.
Manufacturing Centres:
Gujarat: Mithapur, Okha, Uttar Pradesh: Varanasi Punjab: Nangal
Tamil Nadu: Tuticorin
  • Acids
Sulphuric Acid:
Used for manufacturing synthetic fibre, fertilizer, plastics, paints and dyestuffs.
Nitric Acid:
Bulk of production from fertilizer factory.
Manufacturing Centres:
Rajas than: Hindustran Zinc, Debari, Hindustan Copper, Khetri
Maharashtra: Mumbai, FCI in Trombay (largest producer)
Tamil Nadu: Chennai Jharkhand: Jamshedpur Kerala: Alwaye
West Bengal: Kolkata, Delhi
  • ORGANIC CHEMICALS
Petrochemical Industry: Raw materials derived from petrochemical resources and industries are
concentrated near petroleum and coal fields region.
Used to produce petroleum byproducts like synthetic fibres, plastics and rubber.
Manufacturing centres:
Trombay: UnionCarbide India Lid. (First petrochemical industry)
Koyali: Udex plant Vadodara: Indian Petrochemical Ltd (IPCL), first public
sector enterprises. Chennai: Madras Petrochemical Ltd. Thane: National Organic
Chemicals Ltd. Bongaigon: Second public sector enterprises.

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