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IMPORTANT INDUSTRIES OF INDIA

COTTON TEXTILE INDUSTRY:
The oldest and the larges t organized modern industry of India.
MANUFACTURING CENTRES:
Maharashtra (122mills)
• Mumbai (63 mills), largest centre,
• Other centre: Nagpur, Amaravati, Wardha, Jalgaon, Aurangabad, Pune,
Satara, Scholapur, and Kolhapur.
Gujarat (118 mills)
• Ahmedabad (73 mills), Second largest centre after Mumbai
• Other centres: Porbandar, Rajkot, Vadodra, Surat.
Madhya Pradesh:
• Bhopal, Indore, Dewas, Ujjain, Ratlam, Gwalior, Jabalpur, etc
Tamil Nadu
• Coimbatore. (Most important centre). Other centres – Chennai, Perambur,
Salem, Tirchirapalli, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Tuticorin, etc,
West Bengal
• Kolkata (Most important entre).
• Other centre: Howrah, Serampur, Murshidabad,etc.
Uttar Pradesh
• Kanpur (largest centre). Other centres: Varanasi, Mirzapur, Lucknow, Agra,
Modinagar, Saharanput, etc.
Rajasthan
• Jaipur, Pali, Bhilwar, Kota, Udaipur, Ganganagar.


Karnataka
• Bangalore, Mysore, Mangalore, Chitradurga, Belgaum.
Orissa
• Cuttack
Punjab
• Amritsar, Dhariwal, Phagwara, Ludhiana.
Kerala
• Thiruvananthapuram, Alleppey
Bihar
• Patna, Gaya, Bhagalpur.
Andhra Pradesh
• Hyderabad, Secundarabad, Rajahmundry, East Godavari and Udayagiri.

  • JUTE TEXTILE INDUSTRY
• First large scale industry was established in 1855 at Rishra,(near Serampur)
in Bengal.
• This industry suffered a great setback because of partition in 1947 because
80 percent of Jute producing area went to Bangladesh while all Jute mills
remained in India
MANUFACTURING CENTRES
West Bengal (56 mills)
• Kolkata (Calcutta)
• Other centres: Rishra, Serampore, Titagarh etc. mainly along the both banks
of Hooghli river.
ANDHRA PRADESH
• Vishakapatna, Eluru, Guntur and Ongole.
• Other important states:
UTTAR PRADESH
• Kanpur, Gorakhpur and Shahjawan.
BIHAR
• Darbhanga, Samastipur, Purnea, Katihar and Gaya
CHHATTISGARH
• Raigarh
ORISSA
• Cuttack
  • WOOLLEN TEXTILE INDUSTRY
• One of the oldest textile Industries of India

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RIVER VALLEY PROJECTS : Bhakra dam, Thein Dam, Salal, Sharda Sahayak, Ramganga multipurpose, Banasagar, Damodar Valley multipurpose, Mayr kashi, Mayur Kashi, Poochampad, Jaykawadi, Upper Krishna, Tunghbhadra multipurpose, Ghat Prabha, Malprabha, Bhima Mettur, Kundah, Chambal, Kakrapara, Sardar Sarovar, Tawa, Mahi, Matatila

Bhakra Nangal Multipurpose Project.

Bhakra dam: One of highest gravity dam in the world.
Govind Sagar Lake (H.P) is a reservoir.
River: Sutlej(A tributary of Indus)
State:Joint venture of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan
Purpose: Irrigation, Hydro electricity.

Thein Dam Project:

River: Ravi ( A tributary of Indus)
State: Punjab
Purpose: Irrigation, hydroelectricity
Dulhasti project:
River: Chenab (A tributary of Indus)
State: Jammu and kashmir
Purpose: Part of the prgramme of cascade development for irrigation

CLASSIFICATION OF HIMALAYA ON THE BASIS OF GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION:

NAME LOCATION DISTANCE Punjab Himalaya Between Indus and Sutlej 560 km Kumaon Himalaya Between Sutluj and Kali 320 km Nepal Himalaya Between Kali and Tista 800 km Assam Himalaya Between Tista and Dihang 720 km
THE PURVANCHAL (The North Eastern Highland) The Himalaya range after crossing the Dihang gorge in the east, bend southwards, forming a series of hills, in north south trend. Hills, North Cachar Hills and the Tripura Hills.
PURU NEFA Mishmi Hills The highest range of Purvanchal Hills which is situated in the north-eastern part of Arunachal Pradesh.   Patkai Bum A synclinal range extending north south in Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.

WEST FLOWING RIVER : Sabarmati, Mahi, Narmada, Tapi or Tapi

Sabarmati:
Source: Mewar hills in Aravalli Range.
Length: 320km
River’s Basin: 21,674 sq. km. Shared by Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Information:
Important tributaries: Hathmati, Sedhi, Wakul, etc.

Mahi
Source: Vindhya Range at an altitude of 500 m.
Length: 533km
River’s Basin:34,862sq.km
Information: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat share the river basin.

NON METALLIC MINERALS MICA, ASBESTOS, GYPSUM, LIMESTONE, DOLOMITE, ATOMIC MINERALS

DIOMAND MICA: (Abhrak) valuable mineral in electrical and electronic industry.
Distribution: Bihar – Gaya, Hazaribagh (now in Jharkhand), (Largest mica producing state of India)
Andhra Pradesh – Nellore.
Rajasthan – Ajmer, Bewar, Tonk, Bhilwara, Udaipur, and Banswara.
LIME STONE: 75% used in cement industry 16% in irons and steel industry. 4% in chemical industry.
Distribution:
Madhya Pradesh- Satna, Jabalpur, Betul, Sagar and Rewa.
Chhattisgarh – Bilaspur, Raigarh, Raipur and Durg.
Andhra Pradesh-Adilabad, Warangal, Nalgonda, Mohboobnagar, Guntur
Karnataka – Bijapur, Gulbarga, Shimoga (cement grade limestone)
Rajasthan – Jhunjhunu, Bikaner, Nagaur, Jodhpur, Pali, Sirohi, Udaipur Chittorgarh, Ajmer, Sawai Madhopur, Bundi, Banswara.
Gujarat – Banaskantha, Amreli Junagadh, Surat, Kachchh, Kheda and Panchmahals.

THE NORTHERN PLAINS OF INDIA

East-West Extent 2,400 km (3,200 km if the Indus plains are included) Average width:150-300km
1.Largest alluvial tract of the world, extending from the mouth of Indus to the mouth of Ganga between Peninsular plateau and the northern are of the mountains.
2. Alluvial in nature, and are composed of Bhangar (old alluvium), Khadar (new alluvium) in river bed. Bhabar (porous gravel ridden plains at the foot of Himalaya) and Terai (damp thickly forest area, where bhabar stream reappears)

SUBDIVISION OF GREAT PLAINS

THE RAJASTHAN PLAIN
Extent:650km long. Average width:250-300 km wide Thar or Great Indian Desert is the westernmost region of Great Indian Plains in the western Rajasthan. A semi arid plain, lying to the east of Thar desert is known as Rajasthan Bagar. The Luni is the only southwest flowing rivers of this region. The Sambhar(largest), the Kuchaman, and the Didwana are important lakes situated to the north of Luni Basin.