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Redefining Journey...Explore Something More Than Pink

Khimsar was left miles behind, but the sands are unaffected of borders. I stepped in Pokhran, the renowned spot for Nuclear Experiments and was welcomed with full “warmth” by the desert. The sun was about to set down when I arrived Pokhran, so atmosphere was not too warm but I knew it was going to be cold in night. Pokhran is located around 112 km. from the main Jaisalmer city. I remember the telecast of extreme Nuclear tests/explosions of May 1974 and May 1998 on television which drew international attention towards this small town. The town falls in the midway of triangular route between Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and Bikaner. I stayed in a guest house in the night and enjoyed the traditional teekha & chatpata (spicy) Rajasthani food. The local people in the guest house told me about the legendary tale behind the formation of these deserts. According to the myths, Lord Rama once wished to dry up the ocean of Sri Lanka to get a way to reach there. But when the king of that ocean prayed him for not to do so, Rama fired his arrow into river Saraswati which flowed here. The river dried up by the heat of the arrow and the place turned to a barren desert.

I found accommodation, transport and meals at a very reasonable prices. I was ready in the morning after a heavy breakfast to explore forts, palaces and havelis. I first moved towards Pokhran Fort , famous for its world class traditional architecture, art and design. Built in yellow sandstone, the fort has a Durga temple. I was simply surprised by the pattern of construction, which is more than 400 years old. Wooden doors and windows were decorated by the designs of elephants, parrots and peacocks. The designs, paintings and carvings (nakkashi) were truly amazing. A local guide asked me to visit Pokhran Museum also. It is inside the premises of the fort and consists of antique weapons, paintings, pottery and the costumes which the Maharajas (ancient kings) wore.

I walked along the street of Gandhi Chowk, which is famous for its vegetable market. Women, wearing traditional Rajasthani outfits, handle all the shops there.
As I came to know that Pokhran owns some enchanting palaces as well, I moved towards Phool Niwas (Flower Palace), Mangal Niwas, Rani Mahal and Hawa Mahal (a copy of Jaipur's Hawa Mahal). I stopped at the Ramdev Temple for about half an hour to have my lunch. The temple is popular for a fair in the honour of Baba Ramdev. The priest there told me that the fair is held twice a year, in August and February and lasts for 11 days.

Lastly, in the evening, I visited Chhatris, a memorial to the kings who died during wars and the queens who committed sati (burnt theirselves with the dead bodies of their husbands). While approaching my guest house I also visited the nuclear test/explosion sites. It took me a whole day to visit the major attractions of Pokhran. But I quite liked the place, its tradition and hospitality.


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RIVER VALLEY PROJECTS : Bhakra dam, Thein Dam, Salal, Sharda Sahayak, Ramganga multipurpose, Banasagar, Damodar Valley multipurpose, Mayr kashi, Mayur Kashi, Poochampad, Jaykawadi, Upper Krishna, Tunghbhadra multipurpose, Ghat Prabha, Malprabha, Bhima Mettur, Kundah, Chambal, Kakrapara, Sardar Sarovar, Tawa, Mahi, Matatila

Bhakra Nangal Multipurpose Project.

Bhakra dam: One of highest gravity dam in the world.
Govind Sagar Lake (H.P) is a reservoir.
River: Sutlej(A tributary of Indus)
State:Joint venture of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan
Purpose: Irrigation, Hydro electricity.

Thein Dam Project:

River: Ravi ( A tributary of Indus)
State: Punjab
Purpose: Irrigation, hydroelectricity
Dulhasti project:
River: Chenab (A tributary of Indus)
State: Jammu and kashmir
Purpose: Part of the prgramme of cascade development for irrigation


NAME LOCATION DISTANCE Punjab Himalaya Between Indus and Sutlej 560 km Kumaon Himalaya Between Sutluj and Kali 320 km Nepal Himalaya Between Kali and Tista 800 km Assam Himalaya Between Tista and Dihang 720 km
THE PURVANCHAL (The North Eastern Highland) The Himalaya range after crossing the Dihang gorge in the east, bend southwards, forming a series of hills, in north south trend. Hills, North Cachar Hills and the Tripura Hills.
PURU NEFA Mishmi Hills The highest range of Purvanchal Hills which is situated in the north-eastern part of Arunachal Pradesh.   Patkai Bum A synclinal range extending north south in Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.

WEST FLOWING RIVER : Sabarmati, Mahi, Narmada, Tapi or Tapi

Source: Mewar hills in Aravalli Range.
Length: 320km
River’s Basin: 21,674 sq. km. Shared by Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Important tributaries: Hathmati, Sedhi, Wakul, etc.

Source: Vindhya Range at an altitude of 500 m.
Length: 533km
River’s Basin:34,
Information: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat share the river basin.


DIOMAND MICA: (Abhrak) valuable mineral in electrical and electronic industry.
Distribution: Bihar – Gaya, Hazaribagh (now in Jharkhand), (Largest mica producing state of India)
Andhra Pradesh – Nellore.
Rajasthan – Ajmer, Bewar, Tonk, Bhilwara, Udaipur, and Banswara.
LIME STONE: 75% used in cement industry 16% in irons and steel industry. 4% in chemical industry.
Madhya Pradesh- Satna, Jabalpur, Betul, Sagar and Rewa.
Chhattisgarh – Bilaspur, Raigarh, Raipur and Durg.
Andhra Pradesh-Adilabad, Warangal, Nalgonda, Mohboobnagar, Guntur
Karnataka – Bijapur, Gulbarga, Shimoga (cement grade limestone)
Rajasthan – Jhunjhunu, Bikaner, Nagaur, Jodhpur, Pali, Sirohi, Udaipur Chittorgarh, Ajmer, Sawai Madhopur, Bundi, Banswara.
Gujarat – Banaskantha, Amreli Junagadh, Surat, Kachchh, Kheda and Panchmahals.


East-West Extent 2,400 km (3,200 km if the Indus plains are included) Average width:150-300km
1.Largest alluvial tract of the world, extending from the mouth of Indus to the mouth of Ganga between Peninsular plateau and the northern are of the mountains.
2. Alluvial in nature, and are composed of Bhangar (old alluvium), Khadar (new alluvium) in river bed. Bhabar (porous gravel ridden plains at the foot of Himalaya) and Terai (damp thickly forest area, where bhabar stream reappears)


Extent:650km long. Average width:250-300 km wide Thar or Great Indian Desert is the westernmost region of Great Indian Plains in the western Rajasthan. A semi arid plain, lying to the east of Thar desert is known as Rajasthan Bagar. The Luni is the only southwest flowing rivers of this region. The Sambhar(largest), the Kuchaman, and the Didwana are important lakes situated to the north of Luni Basin.